Category : Informatics & Analysis

MANUSCRIPT: owards Web 3.0: Taxonomies and ontologies for medical education – a systematic review.

Abstract Both for curricular development and mapping, as well as for orientation within the mounting supply of learning resources in medical education, the Semantic Web ("Web 3.0") poses a low-threshold, effective tool that enables identification of content related items across system boundaries. Replacement of the currently required manual with an automatically

MANUSCRIPT: Assessment in undergraduate medical education: a review of course exams.

Abstract Introduction: The purpose of this study is to describe an approach for evaluating assessments used in the first 2 years of medical school and report the results of applying this method to current first and second year medical student examinations. Methods: Three faculty members coded all exam questions administered during

ABSTRACT: Understanding trust formation in digital information sources: The case of Wikipedia

Abstract This article contributes to knowledge on how users establish the trustworthiness of digital information. An exploratory two-stage study was conducted with Master’s and undergraduate students in information studies. In the first phase of the study respondents commented on the factors and processes associated with trust formation. Participants commented on authorship

ABSTRACT: Finding more trustworthy answers: Various trustworthiness factors in question answering

Abstract In the recent explosion of Web information, it is important to find not only appropriate, but also more trustworthy answers to user questions. This paper proposes an improved ranking model for question answering (QA) which is focused on various answer trustworthiness factors. Contrary to past research that simply focused on

ABSTRACT: Strategies for justifying counter-arguments in Q&A discussion

Abstract: This study examines the strategies employed in justifying counter-arguments against answers provided in Q&A (question and answer) discussion. The study also explores how information sources are used in support of such arguments. The findings draw on the analysis of 100 discourse episodes focusing on global warming – a controversial

ABSTRACT: Leveraging microblogging big data with a modified density-based clustering approach for event awareness and topic ranking

Abstract Although diverse groups argue about the potential and true value benefits from social-media big data, there is no doubt that the era of big data exploitation has begun, driving the development of novel data-centric applications. Big data is notable not only because of its size, but also because of the

ABSTRACT: Breast cancer survivability prediction using labeled, unlabeled, and pseudo-labeled patient data

Abstract Background Prognostic studies of breast cancer survivability have been aided by machine learning algorithms, which can predict the survival of a particular patient based on historical patient data. However, it is not easy to collect labeled patient records. It takes at least 5 years to label a patient record as ‘survived’

ABSTRACT: Towards public health decision support: a systematic review of bidirectional communication approaches

Abstract Objective To summarize the literature describing computer-based interventions aimed at improving bidirectional communication between clinical and public health. Materials and Methods A systematic review of English articles using MEDLINE and Google Scholar. Search terms included public health, epidemiology, electronic health records, decision support, expert systems, and decision-making. Only articles that described

ABSTRACT: Web-scale pharmacovigilance: listening to signals from the crowd

Abstract Adverse drug events cause substantial morbidity and mortality and are often discovered after a drug comes to market. We hypothesized that Internet users may provide early clues about adverse drug events via their online information-seeking. We conducted a large-scale study of Web search log data gathered during 2010. We pay

RESOURCE: Google Shows ‘How Search Works’ With New Site

Ever wondered how Google’s search works? The company launched a new website Friday, appropriately called How Search Works, to give you a behind-the-scenes look at the process from start to finish. “Here you can follow the entire life of a search query, from the web, to crawling and indexing, to algorithmic