Category : Informatics & Analysis

ABSTRACT: Why assessment in medical education needs a solid foundation in modern test theory.

Despite the frequent use of state-of-the-art psychometric models in the field of medical education, there is a growing body of literature that questions their usefulness in the assessment of medical competence. Essentially, a number of authors raised doubt about the appropriateness of psychometric models as a guiding framework to secure

MANUSCRIPT: Reflective Journals: Unmasking student perceptions of anatomical education

In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore

ABSTRACT: Ensuring the quality of multiple-choice exams administered to small cohorts: A cautionary tale

INTRODUCTION:Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are a cornerstone of assessment in medical education. Monitoring item properties (difficulty and discrimination) are important means of investigating examination quality. However, most item property guidelines were developed for use on large cohorts of examinees; little empirical work has investigated the suitability of applying guidelines to item difficulty

ABSTRACT: Clinical Research Informatics for Big Data and Precision Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To reflect on the notable events and significant developments in Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) in the year of 2015 and discuss near-term trends impacting CRI. METHODS: We selected key publications that highlight not only important recent advances in CRI but also notable events likely to have significant impact on CRI activities over

MANUSCRIPT: Using Technology, Bioinformatics and Health Informatics Approaches to Improve Learning Experiences in Optometry Education, Research and Practice

Rapid advances in ocular diagnostic approaches and emerging links of pathological changes in the eye with systemic disorders have widened the scope of optometry as the front line of eye health care. Expanding professional requirements stipulate that optometry students get a meticulous training in relevant information and communication technologies (ICT)

MANUSCRIPT: Visual analytics in medical education: impacting analytical reasoning and decision making for quality improvement

The medical curriculum is the main tool representing the entire undergraduate medical education. Due to its complexity and multilayered structure it is of limited use to teachers in medical education for quality improvement purposes. In this study we evaluated three visualizations of curriculum data from a pilot course, using teachers

ABSTRACT: Social network analysis in medical education

CONTENT:Humans are fundamentally social beings. The social systems within which we live our lives (families, schools, workplaces, professions, friendship groups) have a significant influence on our health, success and well-being. These groups can be characterised as networks and analysed using social network analysis.SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS:Social network analysis is a mainly

ABSTRACT: Influence of the wording of evaluation items on outcome-based evaluation results for large-group teaching in anatomy, biochemistry and legal medicine

Student learning outcome is an important dimension of teaching quality in undergraduate medical education. Measuring an increase in knowledge during teaching requires repetitive objective testing which is usually not feasible. As an alternative, student learning outcome can be calculated from student self-ratings. Comparative self-assessment (CSA) gain reflects the performance difference

ABSTRACT: Exploring the potential uses of value-added metrics in the context of postgraduate medical education

CONTEXT: Increasing pressure is being placed on external accountability and cost efficiency in medical education and training internationally. We present an illustrative data analysis of the value-added of postgraduate medical education. METHOD: We analysed historical selection (entry) and licensure (exit) examination results for trainees sitting the UK Membership of the Royal College of