Category : Abstract

ABSTRACT: Strategies for justifying counter-arguments in Q&A discussion

Abstract: This study examines the strategies employed in justifying counter-arguments against answers provided in Q&A (question and answer) discussion. The study also explores how information sources are used in support of such arguments. The findings draw on the analysis of 100 discourse episodes focusing on global warming – a controversial

ABSTRACT: Leveraging microblogging big data with a modified density-based clustering approach for event awareness and topic ranking

Abstract Although diverse groups argue about the potential and true value benefits from social-media big data, there is no doubt that the era of big data exploitation has begun, driving the development of novel data-centric applications. Big data is notable not only because of its size, but also because of the

ABSTRACT: Breast cancer survivability prediction using labeled, unlabeled, and pseudo-labeled patient data

Abstract Background Prognostic studies of breast cancer survivability have been aided by machine learning algorithms, which can predict the survival of a particular patient based on historical patient data. However, it is not easy to collect labeled patient records. It takes at least 5 years to label a patient record as ‘survived’

ABSTRACT: Towards public health decision support: a systematic review of bidirectional communication approaches

Abstract Objective To summarize the literature describing computer-based interventions aimed at improving bidirectional communication between clinical and public health. Materials and Methods A systematic review of English articles using MEDLINE and Google Scholar. Search terms included public health, epidemiology, electronic health records, decision support, expert systems, and decision-making. Only articles that described

ABSTRACT: Web-scale pharmacovigilance: listening to signals from the crowd

Abstract Adverse drug events cause substantial morbidity and mortality and are often discovered after a drug comes to market. We hypothesized that Internet users may provide early clues about adverse drug events via their online information-seeking. We conducted a large-scale study of Web search log data gathered during 2010. We pay

ABSTRACT: The Impact of Undergraduate Education in Radiation Oncology.

Abstract Many medical practitioners provide care to patients for whom radiotherapy [radiation oncology (RO)] is a recommended treatment or who have received radiotherapy treatment for cancer. A basic level of understanding about this modality is important to ensure a continuum of good patient care. This study aimed to explore the current

ABSTRACT: Education and training of pain medicine specialists in the United States.

Abstract Many pain patients present with a complex set of symptoms and comorbidities that defy the acumen of any one specific medical specialty; thus the knowledge and skills of the pain physician must, out of necessity cross specialty borders. The competency that comes from mastering essential skills is accomplished during the

ABSTRACT: Health-related hot topic detection in online communities using text clustering.

Abstract Recently, health-related social media services, especially online health communities, have rapidly emerged. Patients with various health conditions participate in online health communities to share their experiences and exchange healthcare knowledge. Exploring hot topics in online health communities helps us better understand patients' needs and interest in health-related knowledge. However, the

ABSTRACT: Surgeons don’t know what they don’t know about the safe use of energy in surgery.

Abstract BACKGROUND: Surgeons are not required to train on energy-based devices or document their knowledge of safety issues related to their use. Their understanding of how to safely use the devices has never formally been tested. This study assessed that knowledge in a cohort of gastrointestinal surgeons and determined if key facts

ABSTRACT: Evidence-based competencies for improving communication skills in graduate medical education: A review with suggestions for implementation

Abstract Communicating with patients is arguably the most common and important activity in medical practice, but this activity receives relatively little emphasis in graduate medical education. We propose 12 evidence-based communication competencies that program directors can adopt as a framework for teaching and evaluating residents' communication skills. We review supporting evidence