Category : Abstract

ABSTRACT: Welcome to Cultural Competency: Surgery’s Efforts to Acknowledge Diversity in Residency Training.

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although cultural competency is not a new concept in healthcare, it has only recently been formally embraced as important in the field of surgery. All physicians, including and especially surgeons, must acknowledge the potential influence of culture in order to provide effective and equitable care for patients of all backgrounds.

ABSTRACT: Radiation safety knowledge and practices among urology residents and fellows: results of a nationwide survey.

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Reliance upon fluoroscopy within urology is increasing, with urologists key in determining radiation exposure to patients, themselves, and other healthcare personnel. However, education in occupational radiation safety is nonstandardized, often lacking. Consequently, residents and practicing urologists risk overexposure. We assessed occupational radiation safety attitudes and practices of training urologists. METHODS: A confidential,

ABSTRACT: Which literature retrieval method is most effective for GPs?

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine requires new skills of physicians, including literature searching. OBJECTIVE: To determine which literature retrieving method is most effective for GPs: the printed Index Medicus; Medline through Grateful Med; or Medline on CD-ROM. METHODS: The design was a randomized comparative study. In a continuing medical education course, three groups of health care professionals

ABSTRACT: Searching multiple databases for systematic reviews: added value or diminishing returns?

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether searching specialised bibliographic databases identified additional relevant papers to those located by a Medline search for a systematic review of exercise therapy. METHOD: Searches were performed in Medline, two further generalised medical databases (Embase, Cochrane Library) and four specialised databases (CancerLit, Cinahl, PsychInfo, SportDiscus) to identify controlled trials of

ABSTRACT: A systematic review of the effectiveness of critical appraisal skills training for clinicians.

Abstract The aim of this paper is to undertake a descriptive systematic review of the effectiveness of critical appraisal skills training for clinicians. Of the 10 controlled studies which examined this issue and were found to meet the eligibility criteria of this review, all used a study population of either medical

ABSTRACT: Sources of evidence for systematic reviews of interventions in diabetes.

AIMS: To analyse the effect on systematic reviews in diabetes interventions of including only trials that are indexed in medline, and to assess the impact of adding trials from other databases and the grey literature. METHODS: All systematic reviews of diabetes interventions which included a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, and were published

ABSTRACT: Information literacy as the foundation for evidence-based practice in graduate nursing education: a curriculum-integrated approach.

Abstract As part of a system-wide initiative to advance evidence-based practice among clinicians, graduate students, and educators, the New York University Division of Nursing embarked on a curricular initiative to integrate components of information literacy in all core courses of the master's program. Increasing competency in information literacy is the foundation

ABSTRACT: Searching bibliographic databases effectively.

Abstract The ability to search bibliographic databases effectively is now an essential skill for anyone undertaking research in health. This article discusses the way in which databases are constructed and some of the important steps in planning and carrying out a search. Consideration is given to some of the advantages and

ABSTRACT: Effectiveness of information skills training and mediated searching: qualitative results from the EMPIRIC project.

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To explore library staff and health professionals' views on the effectiveness of information skills training and librarian mediated searching as methods of providing information for patient care. This is the second article describing the Effective Methods of Providing InfoRmation for patIent Care (EMPIRIC) project. The first paper, in a previous

ABSTRACT: Standardization of search methods for guideline development: an international survey of evidence-based guideline development groups

Abstract BACKGROUND: Effective literature searching is particularly important for clinical practice guideline development. Sophisticated searching and filtering mechanisms are needed to help ensure that all relevant research is reviewed. PURPOSE: To assess the methods used for the selection of evidence for guideline development by evidence-based guideline development organizations. METHODS: A semistructured questionnaire assessing the databases, search