ABSTRACT: Integrating improvement learning into a family medicine residency curriculum.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Knowledge of improvement practices is a critical skill for family medicine residents who will lead patient-centered medical homes. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education includes systems-based practice and improvement knowledge as a core competency for residency education. The objective of this report is to describe the 6-year implementation and development of our practice-based improvement curriculum in a family medicine residency.
In 2006, Oregon Health and Science University Family Medicine Residency implemented an improvement curriculum that focused on clinic-based improvement and involved longitudinal didactics. Over the course of 6 years, the curriculum has been refined to include longitudinal instruction of improvement principles according to the levels of training and clinic-based didactics and experientials that are team oriented. Residents complete ambulatory improvement projects over the cycle of 12 months and present outcomes each year. Residents evaluated their knowledge, experience, confidence, and satisfaction at the end of the academic year.
Ninety percent of residents designed and lead improvement projects upon graduation from residency in 2011. Resident confidence to make a change in local health care settings at the end of the curriculum was high and improved from 2009/2010 to 2010/2011. Upon graduation from the program, 100% of residents reported competence or proficiency in their ability to apply knowledge to an improvement project and present results.
We describe a longitudinal, practical, developmental, and clinically based experiential improvement curriculum that has been successfully integrated into a family medicine residency program.