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Category : Learning Models & Theory

MANUSCRIPT: The effect of training on question formulation among public health practitioners: results from a randomized controlled trial.

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To improve understanding of the information-seeking behaviors of public health professionals, the authors conducted this randomized controlled trial involving sixty participants to determine whether library and informatics training, with an emphasis on PubMed searching skills, increased the frequency and sophistication of participants' practice-related questions. METHODS: The intervention group (n = 34) received

ABSTRACT: Errors in search strategies were identified by type and frequency.

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Errors in the electronic search strategy of a systematic review may undermine the integrity of the evidence base used in the review. We studied the frequency and types of errors in reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Data sources were MEDLINE searches from reviews in the Cochrane Library,

MANUSCRIPT: A survey of the use of electronic scientific information resources among medical and dental students.

Abstract BACKGROUND: To evaluate medical and dental students' utilization of electronic information resources. METHODS: A web survey sent to 837 students (49.9% responded). RESULTS: Twenty-four per cent of medical students and nineteen per cent of dental students searched MEDLINE 2+ times/month for study purposes, and thiry-two per cent and twenty-four per cent respectively for research. Full-text

MANUSCRIPT: Searching bibliographic databases for literature on chronic disease and work participation.

Abstract BACKGROUND: The work participation of people with chronic diseases is a growing concern within the field of occupational medicine. Information on this topic is dispersed across a variety of data sources, making it difficult for health professionals to find relevant studies for literature reviews and guidelines. AIM: The goal of this project was

MANUSCRIPT: Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound and relevant causation studies in EMBASE.

Abstract BACKGROUND: Evaluating the existence and strength of an association between a putative cause and adverse clinical outcome is complex and best done by assessing all available evidence. With the increasing burden of chronic disease, greater time demands on health professionals, and the explosion of information, effective retrieval of best evidence has

MANUSCRIPT: Management of bibliographic information by Dutch researchers in general practice.

Abstract BACKGROUND: As a result of changes in information technology and the rapid growth of publications methods of searching the literature have changed. Systematic searching of the growing literature has become very important. It is not known whether researchers in general practice search systematically, and whether they have incorporated computerized sources in

ABSTRACT: Teaching and assessing the database searching skills of student nurses.

Abstract Critical appraisal and application of the evidence to practice cannot proceed without first finding the evidence. To teach evidence-based practice database searching skills to students, a nurse educator partnered with a librarian to design, conduct, and assess instruction. The authors describe the creation, administration, and findings from the assessments and

MANUSCRIPT: Teaching clinical informatics to third-year medical students: negative results from two controlled trials.

Abstract BACKGROUND: Prior educational interventions to increase seeking evidence by medical students have been unsuccessful. METHODS: We report two quasirandomized controlled trials to increase seeking of medical evidence by third-year medical students. In the first trial (1997-1998), we placed computers in clinical locations and taught their use in a 6-hour course. Based on negative

ABSTRACT: Effectiveness of training health professionals in literature search skills using electronic health databases–a critical appraisal.

Abstract The objective was to assess the effect on health professionals' skills of one to eight hours literature search and retrieval training from electronic health databases. We searched: Cochrane library (2002; Issue 3), MEDLINE (1977-2002/5), EMBASE (1980-2002/7); CINAHL (1982-2002/5); ASSIA (1982-2002/7), BNI (1994-2002/5), ERIC (1985-2002/6); LISA (1969--current), NRR (2002, Issue 2),

ABSTRACT: The Characteristics of Unsuccessful E-Mentoring Relationships for Youth With Disabilities

Abstract Recently, researchers have focused on the benefits of e-mentoring for young people with disabilities, such as greater access to sources of information and support. Relatively few researchers have explored the problem of unsuccessful e-mentoring relationships, i.e., mentors and mentored individuals who withdraw from an e-mentoring program before completion. Our findings