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Tag : needs assessment

ABSTRACT: Physicians’ Knowledge and Practice of Lung Cancer Screening: A Cross-Sectional Survey Comparing General Practitioners, Thoracic Oncologists, and Pulmonologists in France.

BACKGROUND: Screening for lung cancer by low-dose computed tomography scan (LDCTS) has been demonstrated to reduce lung cancer-specific and overall mortality rates in high-risk individuals. From trial to clinical practice, it is crucial to obtain an accurate level of knowledge of the physicians who will recruit patients for a screening program.

ABSTRACT: Effect of the 16-Hour Work Limit on General Surgery Intern Operative Case Volume: A Multi-institutional Study

IMPORTANCE The 80-hour work-week limit for all residents was instituted in 2003 and studies looking at its effect have been mixed. Since the advent of the 16-hour mandate for postgraduate year 1 residents in July 2011, no data have been published regarding the effect of this additional work-hour restriction. OBJECTIVE

MANUSCRIPT: Family Doctors Seen through the Eyes of Specialists: A Qualitative Study

Germany is facing a shortage of young family doctors. In search of possible reasons the aim of this study was to explore the perception of specialists on family doctors. Within a qualitative study 16 medical specialists from different fields in hospital and outpatient care setting were interviewed. Interviews were analysed

MANUSCRIPT: General practitioners’ choices and their determinants when starting treatment for major depression: a cross sectional, randomized case-vignette survey.

BACKGROUND: In developed countries, primary care physicians manage most patients with depression. Relatively few studies allow a comprehensive assessment of the decisions these doctors make in these cases and the factors associated with these decisions. We studied how general practitioners (GPs) manage the acute phase of a new episode of non-comorbid

MANUSCRIPT: Experiences and barriers to implementation of clinical practice guideline for depression in Korea.

BACKGROUND:Clinical guidelines can improve health-care delivery, but there are a number of challenges in adopting and implementing the current practice guidelines for depression. The aim of this study was to determine clinical experiences and perceived barriers to the implementation of these guidelines in psychiatric care.METHODS:A web-based survey was conducted with

ABSTRACT: A systematic review of the literature on the evaluation of handoff tools: implications for research and practice — Abraham et al. — Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

Objective Given the complexities of the healthcare environment, efforts to develop standardized handoff practices have led to widely varying manifestations of handoff tools. A systematic review of the literature on handoff evaluation studies was performed to investigate the nature, methodological, and theoretical foundations underlying the evaluation of handoff tools and

ABSTRACT: Young Physicians’ Recall about Pediatric Training in Ethics and Professionalism and Its Practical Utility.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy of ethics and professionalism education in residency by examining the recollections of young pediatricians in practice. STUDY DESIGN: We surveyed a random sample of members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Young Physicians between February and June 2012. RESULTS: The majority of young pediatricians reported that ethics and professionalism

ABSTRACT: Communication Challenges for Chronic Metastatic Cancer in an Era of Novel Therapeutics

Advances in the production of novel therapies for cancer management are creating new challenges for the support of increasing numbers of persons surviving for extended periods with advanced disease. Despite incurable and life-limiting metastatic conditions, these patients are living longer with serious disease, pushing the boundaries of what science explains

ABSTRACT: UUnderstanding the Etiology of Prescription Opioid Abuse Implications for Prevention and Treatment

Although studies on the initiation of substance abuse abound, the body of literature on prescription opioid abuse (POA) etiology is small. Little is known about why and how the onset of POA occurs, especially among high-risk populations. In this study we aimed to fill this important knowledge gap by exploring