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ABSTRACT: Team-based learning in a pathology residency training program

OBJECTIVES:
Team-based learning (TBL) has been integrated into undergraduate and medical education curricula in many institutions. However, TBL has not been widely introduced into postgraduate medical education. Our study aimed to measure the effect of TBL on promoting learning and teamwork in the setting of pathology residency training.
METHODS:
Four TBL sessions were held and individual and group readiness assurance tests (IRAT/GRATs) were performed; scores were compared using Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests. Residents completed 18-item validated team performance surveys measuring the quality of team interactions on a scale of 0 (none of the time) to 6 (all of the time). Mean and standard deviation were calculated for each item.
RESULTS:
Scores on the IRAT vs GRAT were significantly different (P < .05). The team performance survey received mean scores ranging from 5.3 ± 1.1 to 6.0 ± 0.0.
CONCLUSIONS:
The use of TBL promotes teamwork and learning in a pathology residency program. Residents scored higher on the readiness assurance tests when working in teams, demonstrating the effectiveness of team learning and achievement. In addition, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies of professionalism and interpersonal and communication skills were further enhanced by incorporating TBL into pathology residency training.

via Team-based learning in a pathology residenc… [Am J Clin Pathol. 2014] – PubMed – NCBI.

Brian S McGowan, PhD

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Brian is a research scientist and educational technologist. He helped transform Pfizer’s Medical Education Group and previously served in educational leadership roles at HealthAnswers, Inc.; Acumentis, LLC.; Cephalon; and Wyeth. He taught graduate medical education programs at Arcadia University for 10 years. Dr. McGowan recently authored the book "#socialQI: Simple Solutions for Improving Your Healthcare" and has been invited to speak internationally on the subject of information flow, technology, and learning in healthcare.

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