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Category : Rapid Learning Healthcare System

ABSTRACT: Temporal reasoning over clinical text: the state of the art

Objectives To provide an overview of the problem of temporal reasoning over clinical text and to summarize the state of the art in clinical natural language processing for this task. Target audience This overview targets medical informatics researchers who are unfamiliar with the problems and applications of temporal reasoning over clinical

ABSTRACT: Communication Challenges for Chronic Metastatic Cancer in an Era of Novel Therapeutics

Advances in the production of novel therapies for cancer management are creating new challenges for the support of increasing numbers of persons surviving for extended periods with advanced disease. Despite incurable and life-limiting metastatic conditions, these patients are living longer with serious disease, pushing the boundaries of what science explains

ABSTRACT: UUnderstanding the Etiology of Prescription Opioid Abuse Implications for Prevention and Treatment

Although studies on the initiation of substance abuse abound, the body of literature on prescription opioid abuse (POA) etiology is small. Little is known about why and how the onset of POA occurs, especially among high-risk populations. In this study we aimed to fill this important knowledge gap by exploring

MANUSCRIPT: Concussion guidelines need to move from only expert content to also include implementation and dissemination strategies — Finch et al. 47 1: 12 — British Journal of Sports Medicine

Sport-related head injuries place a significant burden on the health service delivery systems needed to treat and assess them; the sport delivery systems responsible for providing safe sporting opportunities; and personally on the individuals who sustain them. The number of head injury occurrences, the anecdotally high levels of public concern

ABSTRACT: Development of a Method to Measure and Compare Hospital Waste

Abstract The authors developed 15 measures and a comparative index to assist acute care facilities in identifying and monitoring clinical and administrative functions for health care waste reduction. Primary clinical and administrative data were collected from 261 acute care facilities contained within a database maintained by Premier Inc, spanning October 1,

ABSTRACT: Behavioral Intervention Technologies: Evidence review and recommendations for future research in mental health

Abstract OBJECTIVE: A technical expert panel convened by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Institute of Mental Health was charged with reviewing the state of research on behavioral intervention technologies (BITs) in mental health and identifying the top research priorities. BITs refers to behavioral and psychological interventions that

MANUSCRIPT: Clinicians’ expectations of Web 2.0 as a mechanism for knowledge transfer of stroke best practices

Abstract BACKGROUND: Health professionals are increasingly encouraged to adopt an evidence-based practice to ensure greater efficiency of their services. To promote this practice, several strategies exist: distribution of educational materials, local consensus processes, educational outreach visits, local opinion leaders, and reminders. Despite these strategies, gaps continue to be observed between practice and

ABSTRACT: The military health system: a community of solutions for medical education, health care delivery, and public health.

Abstract Multiple strategies have been proposed to improve health care in the United States. These include the development of communities of solution (COSs), implementation of patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs), and lengthening family medicine residency training. There is scant literature on how to build and integrate these ideal models of care, and

ABSTRACT: Prioritizing health disparities in medical education to improve care.

Abstract Despite yearly advances in life-saving and preventive medicine, as well as strategic approaches by governmental and social agencies and groups, significant disparities remain in health, health quality, and access to health care within the United States. The determinants of these disparities include baseline health status, race and ethnicity, culture, gender

ABSTRACT: The ERCP Quality Network A Pilot Study of Benchmarking Practice and Performance

There is increasing interest in the quality of endoscopic practice and in documenting it. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the most complex and risky procedure performed regularly by gastroenterologists. The goal was to test the acceptability and functioning of a voluntary system for individual endoscopists to report details of their