This manual reflects lessons that the NBME Test Development Services unit has learned in developing items and examinations over the past 30 years. During this time, NBME staff members have reviewed countless multiple-choice items and have worked with hundreds of test material development, item writing, and item review committees for USMLE Step exams, NBME exams, and specialty board exams. In addition, our staff members have been fortunate to have had the opportunity to conduct item writing workshops for thousands of item writers, including faculty members at hundreds of national and international health science schools who were interested in developing items for their own examinations. We can personally attest that each committee and workshop attendee has helped us examine our methods, rethink our arguments, and better frame our thoughts regarding how to write high-quality test items. We hope the revised version of this manual continues to be a source of wisdom and encouragement for item writers throughout the health professions world. Finally, we are indebted to our editorial predecessors, on whose broad shoulders we have stood in enhancing this text.
The Stories Your Data (can) Tell: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Participation Phases of Learning and What They Teach Us
From recognizing the signs of mere certificate seekers to enhancing the match between educational content and clinician expectations, this white paper sheds light on the path to tailor CME programs that not only resonate with medical professionals but also foster impactful learning outcomes.